At Lusaka International Community School (LICS), the Pre-Primary School (PPS) encompasses Early Years and the Reception classes and caters for learners between the ages of one to five years. The PPS has a dedicated staff committed to providing an optimal learning environment that ensures each learner masters the skills, attitudes and dispositions that they will need, not only for future schooling, but for the world. It has a wide range of equipment and materials and both outdoor learning spaces are set in well–secured areas where learners can explore and learn in safety.

In order to provide an optimal learning environment, we base our curriculum on the English Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 0-5 document designed for the learning, development and care of learners from birth to five years. The Foundation Stage ends in the Reception Year and the EYFS 0-5 document contains a curriculum framework that leads to the Early Learning Goals. The EYFS 0-5 gives guidance in seven learning areas (three prime and four specific) for effective planning, assessment and teaching and prepares learners for learning in Key Stage 1 (years 1 and 2). To further enrich our curriculum, we also incorporate elements from other internationally recognised educational programmes.

The EYFS 0-5 guidance document enables teachers to plan developmentally appropriate experiences for learners. All activities are play-based, as this is the way in which learners are challenged and learn with enjoyment. We also acknowledge that parents are the most significant adults in a child’s life and, in order to enhance educational quality, they are partners in planning the development and growth of their child at school.


The Infant/Toddler programme is based on the universal patterns of development that all children go through, i.e. children crawl before they walk. We acknowledge that each child is unique and passes through the developmental stages at different rates. The programme takes into account the ways young children approach new experiences and how they interact with others. The goals of the Infant/Toddler programme are based on the knowledge of the physical, emotional, social and cognitive abilities of learners in this age group.


We live in a digital age in which computers are an essential part of our lives. Learners in Pre-Primary School are introduced to ICT through creative play activities and coding. A wide variety of electronic toys are used to enhance and stimulate the learning process.

One of the important concepts in teaching ICT skills in the PPS is coding. Coding is the writing of a set of instructions for the computer to perform a task. It empowers learners, puts them in control of the computer and through experimentation, builds mastery in sequencing skills, counting, problem solving, logical thinking, cause and effect, self-expression and critical thinking. Coding gives learners an opportunity to become creators rather than just technology consumers.

In line with the latest research, developmentally appropriate practice is used to teach coding at LICS. For the infant and toddler programme we start with unplugged coding and STEAM activities. This is followed by the coding of programmable toys i.e. robots such as Cubetto, BeeBots and Blue Bots in the 3yr – 5yr old classes. Coding with Scratch Jr is introduced in the Reception Classes.


Pastoral care in the Pre-Primary School encompasses the general welfare and safety of learners. We aim to provid a caring, supportive and safe environment, where each learner is valued for their unique talents and abilities and develop their full potential. The PPS staff are not only concerned with academic progress but also with the personal, social and emotional development of learners, a prime learning area in our curriculum. We aim to establish close home school links and ensure we are aligned with international child safe-guarding practices through online courses.

Emphasis is placed on positive reinforcement and praise for good behaviour. Learners are encouraged to be independent, kind and thoughtful towards others and take responsibility for their own behaviour. Inappropriate behaviour is addressed by way of discussion with and self-reflection by the learner. Our behaviour management policy also guides us in how to deal with inappropriate behaviour. Parents are informed of serious or recurring incidents and collaborate with teachers to put in place appropriate strategies to assist learners with their difficulties.

How it Works

Learners in the PPS are grouped according to age. Each of the classes has a set curriculum with aims and objectives designed to cater for the particular age group. Classes may be split into a further two groups in accordance with the number of learners, ensuring that groups are smaller and conform to international adult child ratios. Assessment at each level determines whether a learner is able to progress to the next stage. At all stages communication between parents and teachers plays a major role as all decisions made must be in the best interest of the learner.

08:00 Start of the day / Registration and Orientation / Morning Exercise
08:15 Session 1  Circle Time / Language / Number Skills
09:00 BREAK
09:30 Session 2  Snack / Routine Activities
10:00 Session 4  Art / Story and Drama / Perceptual / Construction /Music and Movement
11:00 Session 5  Music / Sand and water play / Art / ICT / Topic
12:00 Session 6 Story and Drama / Topic / Manipulative / Topic / Imaginative / Free Choice
12:15 Story
12:30 End of School day
08:00 Strat of the day / Registration and Orientation / Morning Exercise
08:10 Session 1 Story / Language/Mathematics
09:30 BREAK
09:50 Session 2 Play sessions – Construction / Manipulative / Perceptual / Imaginative / Gross Motor / Cookery / Free Choice / French (EY Yellow)
10:30 BREAK
11:25 Session 3 P.E. / Swimming / Music / Art
12:25 Session 4 Library / ICT / Drama and Music / Discovery Session / Topic
13:15 Story
13:30 End of School day
07:25 Start of the day / Registration and Orientation
07:40 Session 1 / 2 ICT / Language/Mathematics
09:40 BREAK
09:55 Session 3 Art / Library / P.E. / PSE
10:30 Session 4  Lit. Revision / Topic / French
11:10 Session 5  Hand Writing /ORT / Music /Free Play
11:40 BREAK
12:10 Session 6  Play activities – Perceptual / Manipulative / Construction / Imaginative / Discovery Session
13:15 Story
13:30 End of School day

Gloria Raven
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